were most deeply affected by his preaching. Many of them as well as his letters and journals were published during his lifetime. He was not a thinker; he was not the originator of a new doctrine. From the age of 24 when he commanded the largest congregations yet seen in America, until his death 30 years later, his was the voice heard by the English-speaking world. At 22 he was ordained at Gloucester Cathedral and received his bachelor of arts degree from Oxford. It … After his departure, the declarations of several leading ministers, and later still the testimonies of Harvard College and Yale against him, provided considerable check to the earlier unqualified admiration. WHITEFIELD, GEORGE (1714–1770), evangelist and leader of Calvinistic methodists, sixth son and youngest child of Thomas Whitefield (d. 27 Dec. 1716, aged 34), by his wife, Elizabeth Edwards (d. December 1751), was born at the Bell Inn, Gloucester, on 16 Dec. 1714. After another brief time in Georgia, planning the Orphan House, Whitefield had the greatest triumph of his life during his month-long tour through New England. The youngest of seven children, he was born in the Bell Inn where his father, Thomas, was a wine merchant and innkeeper. George Whitefield. Updates? ), (néha George Whitfieldnek írják) egy vándorló anglikán lelkész volt, aki részt vett a nagy-britanniai Nagy Ébredés terjesztésében, különösen az észak-amerikai angol gyarmatokon. An Anglican evangelist and the leader of Calvinistic Methodists, he was the most popular preacher of the Evangelical Revival in Great Britain and the Great Awakening in America. – 1770. szeptember 30. At Oxford, Whitefield met John and Charles Wesley, joined the Holy Club, and practiced religious asceticism for a time. James Huttonthen published a version with Whitefield's approval. Wikipedia Biography George Whitefield (/ˈdʒɔːdʒ ˈwɪtfiːld/; 27 December [O.S. George Whitefield, (born Dec. 27, 1714, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng.—died Sept. 30, 1770, Newburyport, Mass. His first religious raptures also belong to these early years. No wonder his head was turned by such adulation. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This tavern, of which his father was proprietor, located in a rough neighborhood, was his childhood home. George Whitefield, (born Dec. 27, 1714, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng.—died Sept. 30, 1770, Newburyport, Mass. Multitudes clamored to hear him, for it was the common people who He was born on December 16, 1714 at the Bell Inn, Gloucester, and died in Newburyport, Massachusetts on September 30, 1770. His later confessions of early wickedness were probably exaggerated, but they can be understood as belonging to this setting. The individual whose preaching tied these successive revivals together was George Whitefield. George Whitefield (phát âm tiếng Anh: /ˈʍɪtfiːld/) hoặc George Whitfield, (16 tháng 12 năm 1714 – 30 tháng 9 năm 1770), là mục sư Anh giáo, và là một trong những người khởi phát cuộc Đại Tỉnh thức tại Anh, và tại các khu định cư ở Bắc Mỹ thuộc Anh. NOW 50% OFF! George Whitefield Chadwick Biography by Chris Morrison + Follow Artist. The Whitefield that emerges is that of a passionate evangelist, a pragmatic entrepreneur, an astute citizen of the British Empire, and alas, a flawed, culturally compromised individual. George Whitefield was born in Gloucester, England in 1714, and he was able to attend Oxford for free because of his work there as a servant to fellows and fellow-commoners. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. 1 But Whitefield’ s spelling of American place names has not been revised. George Whitefield was born at Gloucester in 1714. Karena itulah, ia dapat belajar di Universitas Oxford. He was already known as an eloquent evangelist. George Whitefield was one of the most dynamic and famous Christian ministers of the 18 th century, yet today remains relatively unknown. Whitefield began to preach with amazing success. His youth, his histrionic ability, his beautiful voice, and a compulsive personal conviction enabled him to hold an audience with remarkable power. In 1724, when Whitefield was ten, his mother married an iron seller named Longden. He had joined the 'Holy Club' founded by John and Charles Wesley and later also served as its leader for some time. His parents were innkeepers in Gloucester, and upon Thomas's death in 1716 Elizabeth took over operation of the inn. George Whitefield (1714-1770), was an English Puritan who helped spread the Great Awakening in Britain, and especially in the British North American colonies. Meskipun hidup dalam kekurangan, ibunya, yang telah menjadi janda, berupaya mendukung studi Whitefield dengan baik. George Whitefield was born in the Bell Tavern, Gloucester. This tavern, of which his father was proprietor, located in a rough neighborhood, was his childhood home. A British clergyman of the Anglican Church , Whitefield’s eloquent oratory skills and charismatic personality helped spark the spiritual revival known as “The Great Awakening” throughout Britain, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and the North American colonies. When churches of the settled ministry began to be closed against him, he took to churchyards and fields; with this innovation his popularity with the masses greatly increased. During his two-year sojourn in England, Whitefield's success as a preacher increased beyond all expectation. More than any other preacher of his day, he made the Great Awakening a vital, far-reaching force, religiously, socially, and politically, in America. Whitefield's five later visits were less spectacular, but none lacked extravagance and sensationalism. George Whitefield (27 December 1714 – 30 September 1770) was an English Anglican cleric who was one of the founders of Methodism and the evangelical movement.. He returned to England to take priest's orders in the Church of England and to collect money to build an Orphan House for the Georgia mission. George Whitefield (1714. december 16. When he was 12 years old, he left grammar school and became a tapster in the tavern. He was a man with a conviction, and in some way not easily analyzed, as he stood before an audience of thousands, he seemed the living evidence of the gospel he preached. George Whitefield (1714-1770) was an English evangelist whose preaching in America climaxed the religious revival known as the Great Awakening. He was famous for his preaching in … The rest of his career was divided between evangelical preaching throughout the American colonies from Georgia to Massachusetts and itinerant preaching in England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland. [U.S.]), Church of England evangelist who by his popular preaching stimulated the 18th-century Protestant revival throughout Britain and the British American colonies. George Whitefield, a pre-eminent evangelist and founder of the Calvinistic branch of the Methodists, was a native of Gloucester, England, in the Bell Inn of which town (his father being a tavern-keeper) he was born, Dec. 16, 1714. He preached in all of them and also on the Common, where thousands could assemble. The press gave him more space. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. George Whitefield was born in the Bell Tavern, Gloucester. Chadwick (1854-1931) was a figurehead within the "Boston School" and also among the first American composers to leave an enduring mark on Western music. Whitefield lahir dalam sebuah keluarga miskin di Glouchester pada tahun 1714. He was only 26 years old at this time, a fact often forgotten in making up his account. George Whitefield was born on December 16, 1714, in Gloucester, England, the youngest of six children of Thomas and Elizabeth (Edwards) Whitefield. So did the criticism. At 21 he professed personal religious conversion, and thereafter to the last day of his life his all-consuming desire was to tell of the "new birth" he had experienced. Through the Wesleys he learned of the Methodist mission recently established in the colony of Georgia in America. His mother kept the Bell Inn, and appears not to have prospered in business; at any rate, she never seems to have been able to do anything for her son’s advancement in life. He was a boisterous kid with a love of acting and theater. First, Whitefield’s life provides in itself a story scarcely paralleled. Beginning with the Great Awakening of 1734–44, a series of religious revivals swept the British-American colonies for more than 40 years. This abridgment of the author’s original two volume, 1000-plus page biography is an aerial survey of George Whitefield’s experiences and exploits. All Rights Reserved. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Dr Nigel D Scotland tells the story of this prolific preacher in his new biography, George Whitefield: The First Transatlantic Revivalist, published by Lion Hudson. He was almost a phenomenon. Buy George Whitefield: The Life and Times of the Great Evangelist of the Eighteenth Century Revival, v.1 1st ed. The contemporary record was set down in superlatives. He was one of the leaders of the Methodist movement. He was a magnet, and to his last sermon, preached the day before his death, he could cast a spell over his hearers, even though by now they knew his power was of the moment only. At the peak of his first popularity Whitefield surprised all by announcing his intention of going to Georgia as a missionary. 154-73. Welcomed by ministers and officials of colonies and towns, he found shops closed and business suspended during his stays, thousands of people at his heels, and many following him to the next town. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). George Whitefield Chadwick, composer of the so-called New England group, whose music is rooted in the traditions of European Romanticism. His voice was so expressive that people are said to have wept just hearing him allude to "Mesopotamia". Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (1714–70). Those whom he could not reach with convictions of their sins were nevertheless moved by the power of his eloquence. In February 1738 he embarked on the first of his seven voyages across the Atlantic. George Whitefield was born in England in 1714. Rather, modern critics meditate upon his impact on the mid-18th century. Newspapers called him the "marvel of the age." This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/George-Whitefield, ReligionFacts - Biography of George Whitefield, The Victorian Web - Biography of George Whitefield, New Georgia Encyclopedia - Arts and Culture - Biography of George Whitefield, George Whitefield - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). As a child Whitefield loved acting, and he mimicked the preachers whom he heard. Very soon, however, criticism began to be voiced, at first by churchmen, because of the Calvinistic tone of his sermons. See also. Many reasons combine to make this full-scale portrait of Whitefield a biography of impressive importance. Colonists loved to hear him preach of love and forgiveness as he had a different style of preaching compared to Old World priests. He was one of the founders of Methodism and the evangelical movement. of Pembroke College (2 vols., 1876-1877); and Stuart C. Henry, George Whitefield: Wayfaring Witness (1957). George Whitefield, B.A. The money came, for he had influential friends among the upper classes, and philanthropy of this sort was current in London. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Read Full Biography. Benjamin Colman's words are typical: "admired and followed beyond any man that ever was in America.". Hi… Despite its condensed form, it gives the reader a sense of Whitefield’s epic level accomplishments. Whitefield's sermons were widely reputed to inspire his audience's enthusiasm. George Whitefield was a minister in the Church of England and one of the leaders of the Methodist movement. [U.S.]), Church of England evangelist who by his popular preaching stimulated the 18th-century Protestant revival throughout Britain and the British American colonies. Biography. In contemporary accounts, he, not John Wesley, is spoken of as the supreme figure and even as the founder of Methodism. He believed that every truly religious person needs to experience a rebirth in Jesus; aside from this, he cared little for distinctions of denomination or geography. A statue of George Whitefield was installed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, until 2020. George Whitefield Chadwick (November 13, 1854 – April 4, 1931) was an American composer.Along with John Knowles Paine, Horatio Parker, Amy Beach, Arthur Foote, and Edward MacDowell, he was a representative composer of what is called the Second New England School of American composers of the late 19th century—the generation before Charles Ives. Whitefield's Boston visit lasted 10 days. A most valuable read.” Derek W. H. Thomas “The life of George Whitefield is a life worth celebrating. He broke the familiar meetinghouse pattern and released the membership to new ways of thought and action; he encouraged men to righteousness through their own individual decision; he put new hope in men's hearts and made the good life more attainable in response to their own desire for it; he made God kinder. He played a leading part in the Great Awakening of religious life in the British American colonies and in the early Methodist movement. Omissions? As he preached in Bristol, Bath, and London, his popularity increased. 4.0 out of 5 stars George Whitefield's new biography paints him as a real person Reviewed in the United States on August 12, 2018 George Whitefield: Evangelist for God and Empire by Peter Y. Choi brings out a side of George Whitefield that you probably have not heard about before. He was one of the founders of Methodism and of the evangelical movement generally. His journals, originally intended only for private circulation, were first published by Thomas Cooper. However, hope of a university education sent him back to his former teacher, who continued his preparation for college, and in his thirteenth year George matriculated at Pembroke College, Oxford, as a servitor. His criticism of the settled ministry as "unconverted" sparked the first criticism, though it did not bother the multitudes who were as clay in his hands. George Whitefield (December 16, 1714 - September 30, 1770), was a preacher in the Church of England. His first stay in Georgia was brief. 2 Some lengthy extracts from it will be found in John Gillies’ Memoirs of the Life of George Whitefield (1772), pp. Corrections? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He speaks to Christian Today about the remarkable and enduring legacy of this 'Grand Itinerant'. Largely forgotten today, George Whitefield was probably the most famous religious figure of the eighteenth century. In his school and college days Whitefield experienced a strong religious awakening that he called a “new birth.” At Oxford he became an intimate of the Methodists John and Charles Wesley, and at their invitation he joined them in their missionary work in the colony of Georgia in 1738. It was erected in 1919. 16 December] 1714 – 30 September 1770), also spelled George Whitfield, was an English Anglican cleric who was one of the founders of Methodism and the evangelical movement. These talents would serve him well in his ministry, because George Whitefield liked to act out Bible stories in his sermons. Though his early education was spotty because of his family’s financial troubles, in 1732 he began attending Oxford University. He was an excellent orator as well, strong in voice and adept at extemporaneity. Word of all this reached America before his arrival, giving him the best preparation he could have asked. The suddenness of Whitefield's acclaim for a time disarmed skeptics and silenced criticism, but before the 10 days were over, more realistic second thoughts began to be expressed by the more discerning. Sources of information of Whitefield are his own A Continuation of the Reverend Mr. Whitefield's Journal (1740); Luke Tyerman, Life of the Rev. After two centuries George Whitefield remains something of a controversial figure, although the controversy no longer deals with praise or blame or the accuracy of his own accounting of 18,000 sermons preached. His father died when George was two and his widowed mother Elizabeth struggled to provide for her family. The tavern `` Mesopotamia '', berupaya mendukung studi Whitefield dengan baik even as the figure! Before his arrival, giving him the `` marvel of the founders of.... 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